The cooler days of spring are already a memory as forecasters call for rising temperatures across Maryland. That means more health risks as you work and play outside, especially for older people and young children.
Excessive heat exposure can cause several health problems including heat cramps, which are painful spasms of your arm, leg and/or abdomen muscles. People experiencing these symptoms should rest in a cooler place and drink water or fluids containing electrolytes.
Heat exhaustion symptoms include profuse sweating, headache, dizziness, nausea, rapid heartbeat, skin that feels cool and moist, and muscle cramps. Move this person to a cooler location, apply cool wet cloths to their body, and give them cool water to drink. If the person vomits or refuses to drink, call 9-1-1. Heat exhaustion can lead to heart stroke.
A few simple steps can help you avoid heat-related illnesses:
• Wear appropriate light-weight clothing.
• Drink water throughout the day.
• Avoid strenuous outdoor activity on hot days.
• Take frequent breaks in a cool place.